Math
isn’t just adding and subtracting!!

__Mathematics: Some Teaching/Learning Strategies__

__First
Grade__

__Mathematical Reasoning__

v
Work a large group situation and in cooperative
learning groups in which data is collected, organized into tables, charts and
graphs and generalizations/ conclusions are made.

v
Use visual patterns in creative art projects and
models.

v
Choose the correct operation to solve.

__Number and Numeration__

v
Use manipulatives and whole numbers to count,
order, measure distance and identify location.

v
Orally express an understanding of ordinal
numbers to tenth position.

v
Demonstrate an understanding of place value
(tens, ones) using manipulatives.

v
Participate in daily oral counting drills.

v
Use number lines and manipulatives to compare and
order numbers.

v
Use concrete objects to identify halves, thirds,
and fourths

__Operations__

v
Demonstrate master of basic addition and
subtraction facts up to 18.

v
Use a number line to count forward and backwards
to show addition and subtraction.

v
Add and subtract two digit numbers without
regrouping.

v
Add doubles and doubles plus one

__Modeling/Multiple Representations__

v
Use a bar graph to demonstrate comparisons and
differences.

v
Use cubes, tile squares, tangrams and geoboards
to copy and build two- and__ __three-dimensional geometric designs/shapes.

v
Use geometric shapes and models to determine
lines of symmetry.

v
Use coins and pictures of coins to represent
values of money.

v
Use geometric shapes to represent fractions.

__Second
Grade__

__Mathematical Reasoning__

v
Work a large group situation and in cooperative
learning groups in which data is collected, organized into tables, charts and
graphs and generalizations/ conclusions are made.

v
Use visual patterns in creative art projects and
models.

v
Choose the correct operation to solve.

v
Use a variety of problem-solving strategies to
solve word problems: which are presented
both orally and in writing.

__Number and Numeration__

v
Represent numbers (whole, fractional and money)
and place value using concrete and pictorial models.

v
Demonstrate understanding of place value by
writing numbers in expanded notation.

v
Explore the concept of rounding.

v
Compare and order whole numbers, and fractions
using fractions and manipulatives.

__Operations__

v
Demonstrate mastery of basic addition and
subtraction facts up to 20.

v
Express addition/subtraction relationships in
fact families to demonstrate the commutative, associative and zero properties
of addition.

v
Solve equations with missing addends, minuends,
and subtrahends.

v
Add and subtract 2 and 3 digit numbers with and
without regrouping.

__Modeling/Multiple Representations__

v
Model spatial relationships and mathematical
understandings using concrete materials and drawings.

v
Use cubes, tile squares, tangrams and geoboards
to copy and build two- and__ __three-dimensional geometric designs/shapes.

v
Use geometric shapes and models to determine
lines of symmetry.

v
Construct tables, charts, and graphs to display,
analyze and explain real world data.

v
Use coins and pictures to represent values of
money.

v
Use number lines to represent mathematical
operations and numerical relationships.

__First
Grade__

__Measurement__

v
Explore various instruments of measure.

v
Use concrete and pictorial models to develop an
understanding of area/perimeter.

v
Read and draw the hands on a clock and write
digital time to the hour, half-hour and quarter-hour.

v
Name and order the days of the week and the
months of the year.

v
Complete the days of the month on a calendar.

v
Identify the value of penny, nickel, dime and
quarter.

__Uncertainty__

v
Make predictions and record outcomes from
problem-solving situations, explain the thinking from which the predictions
evolved and compare with actual results.

v
Develop a wide variety of estimation skills and
strategies.

v
Determine the reasonableness of results/the
likelihood of results.

__Patterns/Functions__

v
Recognize, describe, extend and create a wide
variety of patterns.

v
Represent and describe mathematical
relationships.

v
Write number sentences and fact families that
represent described relationships between numbers and operations.

v
Identify two-and three-dimensional geometric
shapes by using manipulatives and drawings.

__Second
Grade__

__Measurement__

v
Use standard and non-standard instruments of
measure to perform measurement activities framed in practical problem-solving
situations.

v
Develop understanding of area and volume using
concrete and pictorial models.

v
Use clock faces with movable hands and various
traditional and digital clocks to tell and express time. (to 15 minute
intervals)

v
Practice estimating elapsed and predicted time in
real life situations.

v
Identify equivalent amounts of money.

v
identify
number of days in a week, days in each month, months in a year.

__Uncertainty__

v
Make predictions and record outcomes from
problem-solving situations, explain the thinking from which the predictions
evolved and compare with actual results.

v
Recognize situations where only an estimate is
required.

v
Determine the reasonableness of results/the
likelihood of results.

__Patterns/Functions__

v
Recognize, describe, extend and create a wide
variety of patterns.

v
Represent and describe mathematical
relationships.

v
Write number sentences and fact families that
represent described relationships between numbers and operations.

v
Identify two-and three-dimensional geometric
shapes by using manipulatives and drawings.